Unlike what most people believe, tea is the one most popular hot beverage that runs the world.
Most people take tea in the morning for breakfast. Though it hasn’t curved specialties like cafe coffee day, it’s widely served in tea stalls, restaurants and luxurious hotels across the globe
Tea is believed to have originated from china as a medicinal drink in the 17th century. It later spread to the United Kingdom and found itself grown all over the world today.
With these high demand for tea, mass production of the many variety of tea is therefore the way to go for most countries.
Below we list the 10 top tea producing countries in the world in order from the highest.
But before that…
A word About Tea:
The scientific benefits behind taking tea include a reduced risk of cancer, increased brain health, lower weight and waist circumference, and increased muscle endurance and oxidation.
There are over a thousand different varieties of tea, the most common of which can be classified as white, green, oolong, and black. These classifications differ in their degree of oxidation, with black tea being the most oxidized. Green tea and white tea are not oxidized while oolong tea is partially oxidized.
Here’s our list…
China has been producing tea for centuries for its medicinal value as a beverage. It was introduced by emperor and herbalist shennong in 2737 BCE. Tea is also a part of many cultural rituals in china. It is produces 35% of the total world production at 1,000,130 metric tons.
China boasts of its strong tea production skills owing to centuries of perfectioning. Several varieties are produced in china including green, oolong, white, yellow, jasmine and others.
China produces tea for consumption and export. There are just but some of the reasons China is number one tea producer in the world.
India is the second biggest tea consumer in the world with a billion tea drinkers known for their famous home served chai.
Its lush hilly areas are ideal for tea growing. It produces an average of 900,094 tons each year. Although India home market is the largest at 70%, it also exports to Russian Federation, Iran and Pakistan.
All varieties of tea are produced by India, but the popular Assam and Darjeeling tea are exclusively Indian.
Kenya is the top African expert in the top ten global tea producers. Unlike the other large producers who grow tea in plantations, Kenyan 90% tea is produced in small farms of less than an acre of land.
This combined nationally gives more 369,400 tons a year.Kenyan tea is also the top foreign exchange earner for the Kenyan economy. Important to note is that most tea exported from Kenya is sold in blended form across the United States, Europe, Asia and other markets.
Kenya is still doing the research to increase the rate of production. They have developed varieties more applicable to their soil content and weather conditions to yield more. The government is giving a hand to support the farmers to grow tea.
4. Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon, is ranked 4th in the world. James Tylor a Briton, started a tea plantation in 19 acres in the city of Kandy in 1867. It has grown to over 188,175 hectares today employing more than one million Sri Lankan workers at 295,830 tons.
Tea is produced with the contour planting method. It produces there main varieties: Ceylon black, Ceylon white and Ceylon white tea. Tea production is the largest industry currently in the country accounting for2% GDP.
Tea is part of Turkish culture, and despite the long history of consuming coffee, tea is still most commonly consumed hot drink. Tea only became popular in the 20th century in turkey despite its current popularity.
Turkey popularly produce black tea and turkey tea.
Its 225,000 tons of tea leaf is produced in a very small region in the city of Rize. Turkey black tea is the most popular in the world and is specifically brewed in a self-boiler (samovar) as a concentrated brew and diluted with hot water when serving.
Turkey’s domestic market is regulated by a stiff 145% import tariff on foreign tea import.
Dutch colonialism introduced tea in Indonesia in 1700s.Indonesia’s black tea is well known all around the globe.
Its 157,388 tons produced is mainly black tea, although they have smaller quantity of green tea.
The atmospheric conditions are nearly 100% suitable for the country to produce black tea. The country exports a large percentage of tea in their production. Most of Indonesian tea is used for blends with other world teas.
The French developed PhoTho plantation in Vietnam in 1880. The Vietnam War stagnated the tea growth for decades but in 2013 a renaissance saw its growth to 216900 tons of tea.
It produces mostly black tea although other varieties as jasmine and Shan tuyet are produced in small quantities .The government of Vietnam is also working hard to get more yield in tea.
In this country the tea is produced by means of large scale and small scale industry. It also exports a large amount of tea to other countries.
Climatic conditions of three islands of the four in japan favor tea growing. They consume most of the production with only 2% of its total 88,900 tons left for export.
Japanese mostly consume green tea by default because 99.9 % of Japanese produced tea is green tea.However Japan has a less area for the expansion of tea production. Japanese tea is predominantly steamed.
9. Islamic republic of Iran
Coffee was popular in Iran until end of 15th century. Saltanah went to India as an undercover French laborer to learn about tea and bring samples back to Iran in Gilan region. Today there are 32,000 hectares of tea land on the hills producing 83,990 tons.
Black tea is the most common variety.
The country’s geographical conditions have made the country rich after the researches they found out that the geographical conditions is more favorable for the production of tea than coffee.
Is the only American country (South America, to be specific) in top ten producing mainly black tea at 69,924 total tea production. Tea is part of Argentinian culture. Three factors have pushed tea production in Argentina: government ban on tea imports, low tea prices and regular government funded researches. Tea is Argentina’s national drink.
Thailand tea farming started around 7 decades ago in the northern mountainous regions. Chinese people originally and still have the higher ownership of the tea plantations in Thailand. Its 70 million kilograms production today is majorly the finest oolong tea. Collaboration with Taiwan in research, gave Thailand a boost of superior productivity and techniques in production today.
Closing our list of top tea producers across the globe is Uganda- the second African tea producer after Kenya. It produces 65.37 million kilograms with more the 80% of this mainly for export. Uganda has a total of 2000 square km favorable for tea production although only 10% of this is under tea today. It means Uganda is likely to occupy a higher position than 12 in the near future.
That’s it for the 10 top word producers of tea. From this report, you can easily tell that it is highly produced in Asian countries, who are good in consuming their own products. However tea is a consumed worldwide irrespective of production status. Its production should, therefore, be a focus of any world country.